Tracking Debris from the Tohoku Tsunami
The Japanese government estimated that 5 million tons of debris was swept up by the monstrous tsunami of March 2011.
The map above shows the output of the Surface Currents from Diagnostic (SCUD) model, an attempt to simulate where and how that debris would disperse. Orange and red shaded areas represent parcels of water with a high probably of containing floating debris. The deeper the red color, the higher the likely concentration. The debris field stretches roughly 5,000 kilometers by 2,000 kilometers across the North Pacific. […]
7:22 pm • 4 April 2012 • 38 notes
Radiation dosage readings from the radiation monitoring posts at RIKEN Wako Institute (15th March 2011)
(I realized it using Riken’s data) (via ulaulaman)
12:41 pm • 16 March 2011 • 29 notes
Fear is potent risk of Japanese nuclear crisis
The average amount of radiation that victims in Hiroshima and Nagasaki were exposed to would increase the risk of dying from lung cancer by about 40 percent, Boice said. Smoking a pack of cigarettes a day increases the risk of dying of lung cancer by about 400 percent. “Radiation is a universal carcinogen, but it’s a very weak carcinogen compared to other carcinogens,” Boice said. “Even when you are exposed, it’s very unlikely you will get an adverse effect. But fear of radiation is very strong.”
Fear of radiation more dangerous to health than radiation itself?
I don’t know if this is true, but in these terrible days it’s worth to try to understand how these things work, but it’s also very difficult, because nuclear energy, radiations, risks and health are often discussed with preconceptions.
11:13 am • 16 March 2011 • 9 notes
Tending to Japan’s Psychological Scars: What Hurts, What Helps
Times has a brief but interesting interview with Scott Lilienfeld, a psychologist, discussing ‘post-disaster counselling’, ‘critical incident stress debriefing’ etc.
Here’s some lines:
So, how could the counseling of survivors immediately after the tsunami and earthquake possibly backfire?
No one knows for sure why it’s not a good idea, but given what the research shows, [some kinds of debriefing can be harmful]. It usually involves putting people in groups very shortly after the traumatic event and strongly encouraging them to “Get their feelings out” and “Talk about it” and so on. In classic debriefing, they almost prescribe symptoms, saying things like “Don’t be surprised if you start feeling X, Y or Z” or “There’s a good chance you’ll have nightmares or flashbacks.” There’s some speculation that that [in itself] might bring some of the symptoms on, so I’m not sure that’s a great idea.
What does the research find?
The research shows that [this type of debriefing is] probably at best ineffective and may actually be harmful in some cases. [It’s not clear why]. Some of what happens is that you have to respect individual coping mechanisms. Some people are ready to talk and some prefer not to talk. One problem with classic debriefing is that it often strongly encourages or urges people to talk about emotional memories that they may not really want to talk about. It’s best to kind of leave it alone.
[Another] thing we know is that if you want to deal with anxiety, you have to allow anxiety to peak first and then pass, and give people enough opportunity to fully process it. [These techniques] may bring up some anxiety and increase it, maybe even bring up new anxieties and not really resolve them or make them worse.
But one recent paper claimed that the evidence of harm [from debriefing] was overstated, so there is still some controversy over whether it’s useless or actively harmful — but even these authors admit that when used sloppily, [debriefing] probably is harmful.
8:50 am • 15 March 2011 • 19 notes
The Destructive Power of Tsunami Waves
[…] when water is moving at 30 or 40 miles an hour, like the tsunami that inundated northern Japan on Friday, the heaviness of water turns deadly. Imagine 1,700 pounds hitting you at that speed, and each cubic yard of water as another 1,700 pounds bearing down on you. The destructiveness of a tsunami is not just one runaway car, but a fleet of them. […]
10:30 am • 14 March 2011 • 11 notes